Growing media are used to grow a wide variety of plants including vegetables, fruits, floriculture ornamentals, tree and shrub ornamentals and speciality plants.
The range of growing media constituents used includes peat, coir pith, woodfibers, bark, composted materials green waste, and bark.
Mineral constituents like perlite, pumice, clay and vermiculite are also used.
Growing media are often formulated from a blend of such raw materials, usually enriched with fertilizers, lime and sometimes biological additives in order to achieve the correct balance of physical, chemical and biological properties for the plants to be grown.
Having the right growing media mix is as important for an optimal plant growth as water and fertilisers.